Allergies are a common health issue in dogs. They often lead to visits to the vet. These allergies mainly affect a dog’s skin and ears. Dogs with allergies usually get worse as they grow older.
Identifying Dog Allergies
Look for signs like lots of itching, scratching, and licking. Dogs may also lose hair and get rashes. These are key signs of allergies.
Types of Allergies in Dogs
Flea Allergies: This is the most common skin disease in dogs. It happens because of flea saliva.
Seasonal/Environmental Allergies: These allergies happen when dogs breathe in or touch things like pollen, dust mites, and mold spores.
Food Allergies: Dogs can get these allergies at any age. They are often related to proteins, grains, or other ingredients in food.
Symptoms of Different Allergies
Flea Allergy Dermatitis: Dogs get itchy skin and irritation, mainly at the base of their tails. It can affect other body areas too.
Seasonal/Environmental Allergies: Dogs may scratch, lick themselves, rub their faces, and lose fur. They can get red skin and often have infections.
Food Allergies: These are like environmental allergies but can also include stomach problems like diarrhea and vomiting.
Allergy Testing in Dogs
Tests are mostly for seasonal or environmental allergies. Vets use blood and skin tests. But, tests for food allergies are not always right. Skin testing is more accurate. Veterinary dermatologists do this.
Flea Allergies: Control fleas with products like Advantage®, Revolution®, or oral medications like Simparica®.
Food Allergies: Try a special diet for 12 weeks. This helps find what causes the allergies.
Seasonal/Environmental Allergies: Treat symptoms with oral or injectable medicines. This includes fatty acids, steroids, and skin treatments. Use immunotherapy for long-term control.
Managing Dog Allergies
It’s important to find and treat allergies early. Talk to a vet for the right diagnosis and treatment plan. They can help your dog feel better.